This post was originally published on 5-20-18 and updated on 1-21-20.
Having knee pain has become a rampant condition among the young and old. Finding the appropriate knee joint pain treatment is one of the main questions patients ask frequently.
There are several causative factors to knee pain, ranging from acute injuries to complications of medical conditions. Knee pain is often accompanied by restrictions in walking and its effect might be localized or systematic.
Before treatment, a physical examination must be done to establish the cause. It is with this diagnosis that the method of treatment can be determined.
The main aim of knee joint pain treatment is to reduce the extent of pain, swelling and weakness. An effective treatment should be able to cure the symptoms as well as the cause of the knee pain in order to prevent a recurrence of the problem.
The treatment of knee joint pain is most effective if it is started early and done consistently.
This article will bring to light the various knee joint pain treatments that will give effective results.
Medication is the most common knee joint pain treatment. If the cause of the knee pain is due to the presence of an underlying disease, your doctor may prescribe medications to help relieve pain and treat that disease.
Drugs like paracetamol help to reduce the pain while Ibuprofen helps to reduce the swelling.
Injections are usually helpful when treating knee joint pain, especially when caused by cartilage tears. There are three types of injections used:
When injected into your knee joint, corticosteroid injections help to reduce swelling and provide pain relief that lasts a few months.
Hyaluronic acid: This is a thick fluid that helps to lubricate the knee joints when injected into your knee. It helps to improve mobility and ease the pain.
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP): This type of injection is made with different growth factors that help to reduce inflammation and promote healing. These types of injections are usually used to treat knee joint pain in children and people with mild arthritis.
Surgery is usually done when the knee joint pain is persistent. It is recommended when other treatment methods are not helping to reduce the pain. There are three types of surgery methods and they are:
Arthroscopic surgery: Arthroscopy is a knee surgery performed by making small incisions in the skin over the knee. Arthroscopy is used to remove loose bodies from your knee joint, remove or repair a torn meniscus, remove a baker’s cyst, and to reconstruct torn ligaments and fractures.
Partial knee replacement surgery: This is a type of knee surgery where the damaged part of the knee is usually replaced with metal and plastic. It is faster to recover from this surgery than a total knee replacement.
Total knee replacement: This is the most common type of knee surgery. Knee replacement is an option when the damaged joint causes constant pain and cannot be treated by other treatment methods. Usually, the damaged bone and cartilage from your thighbone, shinbone, and kneecap is cut off, and replaced with an artificial joint made of metal alloys, plastics, and polymers.