The treatments for spinal stenosis vary but its best to start with the least invasive and more conservative. Many of our spinal stenosis specialists and treatments consist of decompressing the nerve, opening the canal where the nerve runs and strengthening of specific muscles that are weak and causing compression of the nerve(s).
The majority of patients that have spinal stenosis have signs and symptoms of pain that is worse with prolonged standing and walking, numbness or burning into the buttocks or legs, and relief of signs and symptoms when sitting down. Conversely, if you have spinal stenosis in your neck, typically it will be one-sided and you'll have numbness and tingling into the arm or hand when looking up or towards that side.
The causes of spinal stenosis vary from case-to-case but the majority stem from the intervertebral disc dehydrating and shrinking in size, an osteophyte or bone spur that is hitting the nerve (rare), hypertrophy of ligament flavum ( a ligament that can buckle into the spinal canal), or abnormal biomechanics of the spine that leads to closing and narrowing of the spine.
Spinal stenosis is when the canal of the spine is narrowed and compresses on the spinal cord or the peripheral nerve roots.