Whether you are a highly-trained athlete or a weekend warrior, there is always a risk of injury. Unfortunately, when injuries like a lower back pain sports injury or ankle injuries in sports happen, it can be quite hard to figure out what part is really injured or how to treat it. Moreover, injuries can also happen when a person is not properly acclimatized to play the sport, like not warming up or stretching the muscles before playing.
So do you want to know what to expect the next time you hit the court? Here is a countdown of the most common sports injuries, from least common to the most common ones:
Most Common Sports Injury #1- Plantar Fasciitis
Plantar Fasciitis causes pain in the bottom of the heel. The plantar fascia is a thick, web like ligament that acts as a bridge between your heel and front of your foot. It supports the arch of your foot and eventually helps you walk. Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common orthopedic problems. It happens because your plantar fascia ligaments which act as shock absorbers, experience a lot of wear and tear in your daily lifestyle. Exerting too much pressure on your feet can even damage or tear the plantar fascia. If we talk about the treatments, it includes physical therapy, stretching exercises, steroid injections and even a surgery if conservative care doesn’t work. To learn about more treatment options you can click here.
Most Common Sports Injury #2- ACL Tear
ACL or Anterior Cruciate Ligament sprain or tear is one of the most common sports injuries. It is commonly witnessed in the athletes who participate in sports like football, tennis, basketball, and football. The symptoms of a torn ACL include swelling, joint instability, and difficulty walking or going up and down stairs. After getting surgery, seeing a sports physical therapist usually is your best option to regain full function of your knee.
Source: Wikimedia Commons
Most Common Sports Injury #3- Muscle Strains
Muscle strain, muscle pull, or even a muscle tear refers to damage to a muscle or to its attached tendons. It occurs when your muscles get overstretched or torn. This usually happens as a result of fatigue, overuse, or improper use a muscle. Though strains can occur in any muscle, but muscle strains are most common in your lower back, shoulder, neck, and hamstring, which is the muscle behind your thighs. For instance, a moderate muscle injury can be effectively treated at home with ice, heat, and anti-inflammatory medications. However, for best outcomes it is suggested to get Active Release Technique (ART). This is a form of treatment that heals muscle strains really quickly.
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Most Common Sports Injury #4- IT Band Syndrome
IT band syndrome stands for Iliotibial band syndrome. It is a painful condition in which the connective tissues rub against the thighbones. Distance runners are in particular very susceptible to this common sports injury. It occurs when the iliotibial band, which comprises of a thick band of connective tissue that runs from outside of your hip to the outside of the knee; gets tight or inflamed. The IT band helps strengthen and move the knee joint. IT band syndrome results from any activity that causes the leg to turn inwards repeatedly. This puts constant tension and strain on the IT Band. The pain can be severe enough to completely sideline a runner for weeks or even more. The initial treatment includes rest, ice, compression, and elevation which is called as RICE. However, seeing a sports physical therapist may be one of the better treatment options.
Source: Wikimedia Commons
Most Common Sports Injury #5- Tennis and Golfer’s Elbow
Tennis elbow is also called as lateral epicondylitis and golfer’s elbow is called medial epicondylitis. These are the injuries to the tendons which attaches your forearm muscles to the bone at your elbow. The ‘epicondyle’ part of epicondylitis refers to the bony protrusions at your elbow.
Tennis elbow primarily affects the tendons that are joined to the exterior side of your elbow, which are connected in turn to the muscles that helps extend your wrist backwards and straightens your fingers. On the other hand, medical epicondylitis affects the tendons attached to the inner side of your elbow, which are connected to the muscles that flex your wrist and contract your fingers on gripping something. Both the injuries occur as a result of repetitive strain on the tendons. However, forearm strengthening exercises and proper form when participating in your sports or activity are the best way to prevent this injury.
Copyright: Scientific Animations
Most Common Sports Injury #6- Ankle Sprain
An ankle sprain refers to an injury to the tough bands of tissues that surround and connect the bones of the leg to the foot. The most common ligament sprained is the ATFL. An ankle sprain typically happens when you accidentally twist or turn your ankle in an awkward manner. Ankle sprain can stretch or tear the ligament that holds your ankle bones and joints together. A sprained ankle most commonly encircles the injuries to the ligaments on the outside of the ankle. It can occur to anyone at any age. Remember RICE in the case of ankle sprains which stands for rest, ice, compression, and then elevation is best right after the injury but you’ll want to see a physical therapist to regain the motion and strength of your ankle.
If at all you or your child experiences any of the sports-related injuries, trust Back in Motion Sport & Spine Physical Therapy to get back on your feet and forget the inconvenience of sports injuries.
About Author: Dr. Scott Gray
Dr. Scott Gray is an internationally recognized and expert physical therapist specializing in sport, athletic, and back and neck injuries. He is the inventor of a revolutionary form of treatment called the GRAY METHOD. This type of treatment unlike others, addresses the CAUSE rather than just your SYMPTOMS with a full body approach. For more information on how to ease or overcome your injury, go to www.backinmotionsspt.com.