Everything You Need To Know About Hip Physical Therapy
Suffering from hip pain or a hip injury? Looking for treatment and not sure who you can trust? Consider hip physical therapy. In this articles we’ll disclose what hip physical therapy is and what it consists of. However, before we do, we’ll disclose the most common injuries and symptoms to the hip.
Whether it is to run, dance, walk or just stand, your hipbone should be fully functional to support your day-to-day activities. When you suffer from chronic hip pain, it may make you feel that your life has been put on hold.
There are a couple of reasons that make the diagnosis of hip pain challenging. The first reason is the anatomy of hip bone which includes – head of the femur (thigh bone) fits tightly into the acetabulum which is a deep socket in the hip bone. This constitutes the classic ball and socket joint which allows movement along several axes. This complex structures and anatomy of bones also make hip joint one of the strongest as well as stable joints in the body and bears extreme forces during many activities, like running, weight bearing and locomotion.
There are plenty of reasons that cause hip pain or injury, for example, muscular strains and pulls in the groin in runners, arthritis, stress fractures, labral tears, etc. If your hips are sore, here is a list of few causes and sign you should not ignore.
Adductor or Groin Strain
Groin strain or pull is by far the most common type of groin injury. It is caused when adductor muscles (that pull the legs together), which are the main muscle on the inside of the thigh and meets pelvis, are stretched or torn.
Groin strain is usually caused by the movement which triggers an acute groin strain, like kicking, twisting, sudden change is direction while rigorous body movements, like running or jumping. Any overstretching or small tear in adductors muscle can result in hip pain, swelling or ache in the groin area. Overused or severe tears may also result into sharp pain or bruising down the leg. Other symptoms include – snapping sound at the moment of injury, difficulty in walking or running, decreased strength in the upper leg.
Immediate treatments, just after the injury, focus on reducing pain and swelling and include – RICE – Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation. Depending upon the level of your injury, your doctor may also prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs. Other additional treatments which can be accompanied to speed up healing are – physical therapy, massage therapy, heat and stretching, and electrotherapy, and rushing to sports therapy clinic. In severe cases, your doctor may also suggest surgery to repair torn fibers.
Snapping Hip Syndrome
Also known as dancer’s hip, snapping hip syndrome is a condition where a snapping sound or sensation is felt or heard by the patient in their hip while running, walking, getting up from the chair, swinging the leg around and similar activities. The condition is more annoying than painful as it usually includes only one symptom, i.e., snapping sound or sensation. For dancers and athletes, this condition may also include pain and weakness that may interfere with their performance.
Snapping hip is commonly the result of tightness in the muscles and tendons that constitutes hip joint. Hip joint encases ligaments that join and hold everything together, in the right place. All these ligaments and tendons that attach muscles in the buttocks, thighs and pelvis control hip movement. People who are involved in rigorous sports and activities that demands repeated bending at the hip are more prone to snapping hip. Dancers and young athletes are also more vulnerable to snapping hip.
Home remedies to treat snapping hip includes – reduce activity level and apply ice to the affected area. Your doctor may also prescribe you anti-inflammatory drugs to minimize discomfort. If you are an athlete, it is advisable to modify your sport or exercise activities to avoid repetitive movement of the hip. Other treatments options are – athletic physical therapy with a focus on stretching, strengthening, and alignment; corticosteroid injection to the area to relieve inflammation, and surgery in severe cases.
Hip Labral Tear
Hip Labral Tear occurs when the labrum, the ring of cartilage that surrounds the hip joint, is torn or injured. The labrum acts like a rubber seal that holds the ball securely at the top of the thighbone and within the hip socket. Labral injuries can be a result of:
- Trauma – injury or dislocation of the hip joint which may occur during car accidents.
- Repetitive trauma to hip joint – active participation in sports, that requires severe motions, like figure skating, twisting, cutting (hockey or soccer), long distance running, etc.
- Structural abnormalities – Some people are born with hip problems that can accelerate wear and tear of the joint and gradually develop into a hip labral tear.
Symptoms of hip labral tear include – a deep ache in the front of the groin, painful clicking with hip movements, pain after prolonged sitting or walking, a sharp pain in the hip or groin, weakness in the muscle surrounding the hip, stiffness in hip.
Treatments of hip labral tear depend majorly on the severity of the symptoms. Some people recover with traditional treatment options in a few weeks. Your doctor may prescribe nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce pain and relieve inflammation. Physical therapy Fort Myers FL can help you achieve maximum range of motion, strength, and stability along with pain management, manual therapy, functional training and education about external factors that cause pain. Depending on the cause and extent of the tear, your doctor may also recommend arthroscopic surgery.