Ankle sprains are something to which anyone and everyone relate to. A simple misstep can give you an excruciating amount of pain within microseconds.
For Dancers, Rockstars, athletes, or any other sportsperson, a minor musculoskeletal sprain is common but yet deadly as in terms of the timing of it. It can cost step backs in their respective careers.
Also, a severely sprained ankle may not heal properly as it could lose its range of motion and stability, resulting in recurrent sprains in the future.
Most Common people try to tough out ankle injuries by waiting to heal on its own and not seeking medical attention. But it is always advised to get a check-up to rule out the possibility of Ankle fracture.
Hence, sometimes it can be self-tested by putting weight on the ankle and taking a few steps to ensure you didn’t break anything. Common practice would be to get an x-ray to ensure.
What Is An Ankle Sprain?
Ankle Sprains are the injury involving the Trisection of ligaments that surround and connect the bones of our leg and the foot. Ankle Sprains happens when these bands of ligaments are torn apart by accidentally twisting or turning of the ankle. These ligaments stabilize the joint and get sprained when they are forced to do movements beyond their range of capacity.
Being the most common Sports injury, the symptoms are quite easily observable and commonly known to all. They can still vary depending on the severity of the injury.
- Pain (Can last from few days to few weeks or maybe a month, depending on the severity of the sprain)
[images style=”0″ image=”http%3A%2F%2Fbackinmotionsspt.com%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2018%2F01%2FDepositphotos_59877799_m-2015.jpg” width=”1000″ align=”center” top_margin=”0″ full_width=”Y”]
The Different Types of Ankle Sprains:
1) Inversion ankle sprains
Inversion ankle sprains are the most common type of soft-tissue injury. These types of sprains also go by name of the lateral ankle because the lateral ligaments of the foot joining the bone are involved in the injury. The function of the lateral ligaments is to prevent excessive inversion of the ankle. These lateral ligaments aren’t much strong as the ones on the other side of the ankle, due to which inversion sprains are more likely to happen than eversion sprains.
The three primary ligaments named after the bones they connect are the anterior talofibular & posterior talofibular connecting the talus and fibula, and the calcaneal fibular connecting the calcaneus and fibula. The twisting of anterior talofibular and calcaneofibular is the cause of inversion ankle sprain. Once the foot turns inward, the instability in the posture and imbalance exert more pressure on the ligaments which they can’t handle causing them to crack and tear a little bit.
2) Eversion ankle sprains
These sprains also go by the name Medial sprains because of the medial and Deltoid complex ligaments involved in the injury, which is a group of four separate ligaments. These ligaments make up a triangular shape, which is the Greek letter Delta, hence the name. These four ligaments are the anterior tibiotalar, tibiocalcaneal, posterior tibiotalar, and tibionavicular. The names correspond to the bone they connect. Together they are deltoid group
Eversion ankle sprains are less common than inversion sprains because the deltoid ligament group is much stronger than the lateral ankle ligaments. Also, the bone fibula blocks the foot from moving to the other side while consequently generating greater ankle stability against excessive eversion. If somehow, the deltoid ligaments experience enough pressure to be the reason for the injury, there are chances of structural injuries along with deltoid ligament sprains, such as fracture or dislocation. Hence, always get an evaluated opinion from a licensed professional to rule out the possibility.
3) High Ankle Sprain
This type of sprain happens when ligament between the bones tibia and fibula gets damaged. The joint is called the ankle syndesmosis, hence the high ankle sprain is also known as Syndemosis sprain. The tight webbing of ligaments is bound together by the interosseous membrane. The severity of the sprain could be a first-degree high ankle sprain when the few ligament fibers of the interosseous membrane are damaged. Second-degree sprain when more damage is done to tibia-fibula joint and extreme damage to the interosseous membrane. A Third-degree high ankle sprain is when a joint is possibly dislocated and the interosseous ligament is completely torn apart.
High ankle sprains are caused mainly due to twisting injuries occurring from playing sports that have a lot of cutting and contact involved. For example, football, basketball, roller derby, etc. The twisting is caused by extreme ankle dorsiflexion and an external rotation of the shin bone.
But what causes an ankle sprain?
The reason why they occur could be many. Stepping onto the hole on the uneven surface, Putting Wrong foot forward while running, Rebouncing while playing sports, etc. However, the most common reasons are listed below:
1) Lack of Ankle’s muscular Flexibility
One of the most common reasons for an ankle sprain is the lack of ankle muscle flexibility. Ankle dorsiflexion is a movement of the ankle backward towards shin which limits the motion when the ankle becomes limited; the foot only has one option, to roll outward. The result is an ankle sprain. Hence exercise to improve fortifications are recommended
2) High Arched Foot
Another reason why some people frequently sprain their ankles is because of their foot anatomy. This is especially true in those that have a supinated foot. A supinated foot or high arched individual tends to place all their weight on the outside part of their foot. This perpetuates rolling your ankle. An orthotic may help these types of individuals.
3) Limited Strength & Proprioception
Last but not least, limited strength at your hip and muscles on the outside part of your leg, the Peroneals can cause an injury. Limited proprioception means a lack of balance and stability. Lesser the stability of the posture, the more will be the chances of the falling on the wrong foot.